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Their Way of dressing answers to the Coarseness of their Diet They
wear a Vest, which hangs down to their Toes, and which they tuck up
towards the Waste, under which they have a very wide Pair of Drawers of
plain Linnen, but their Legs are always bare. The better Sort make use of
Shoes or Slippers when they ride on Horseback, as also of a Sort of Boots of
very hard Leather, which when they have fitted on, they never pull off but
there let *em remain till they rot away.—KRUSINSKI, on the Afghans, vol. i.
p. 147.
The First Acts of Mahmud.—The reign of Mahmud
opened auspiciously. He allowed the Persian officials to
retain their appointments and only added Afghans to
watch his interests. Furthermore, he selected as Kazi, or
Chief Magistrate, an Afghan noted for piety and rectitude,
and he worked hard to repair the damage caused by the
siege. He treated the Europeans with consideration,
renewing all their privileges, and punished all those who
had been disloyal to Shah Husayn. The treacherous
Vali of Arabia was not put to death, Mahmud having
apparently sworn to preserve his life, but he was disgraced
and his post and estates were bestowed on his younger
brother. In short, so just and so capable was the rule
of Mahmud at the outset that it seemed possible that
unhappy Iran might once again enjoy the blessings of
peace and order.
The Surrender of Kum^ Kashan^ and Kazvin to the
Afghans.—Shortly after the capitulation of Isfahan, Aman
Ulla Khan was detached with five thousand men to attack
Tahmasp Mirza and to seize Kazvin. The spiritless and
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